Sustainable products from Amazon
Amazon strives to be Earth’s most customer-centric company, which means giving our customers access to the sustainable products that they want. We regularly seek ways to reduce our environmental impact and provide more information about the products that we sell.
When we call a product sustainable, that means it has a lower impact on the environment, reduces waste, promotes consumer health, protects animal welfare or has social benefits over conventional versions of the same products. We work with many of the manufacturers that produce our privatelabel selection to grow these types of product offerings. We focus on every step of the process: the ingredients and materials, how the people behind the products are treated, the packaging and the experience for customers.
Many Amazon customers prioritise safety and sustainability when it comes to household goods such as cleaning supplies and personal care products. Customers want to be sure that the products they buy are safe for their families and the planet, without compromising on quality or price.
Thousands of sustainable options, from established brands to growing start-ups, are available in Amazon’s stores, and we take an active role in promoting sustainability with these selling partners. For example, we teamed up with Procter & Gamble to develop the Tide Eco-Box, a concentrated version of Tide’s traditional laundry detergent compressed into a fully recyclable, shipping-safe package, which is produced using 60% less plastic and 30% less water than a conventional plastic jug. Countless other Amazon selling partners offer biodegradable and plant-based options for staples such as washing-up liquid and multi-purpose cleaners.
Amazon aims to develop ecofriendly products that are good for customers and the planet. From bio-based laundry detergents and washing-up liquids that offer an effective, alternative choice to conventional formulas, to beauty products that are formulated without harmful chemicals, Amazon is working to bring sustainability into many of our private-label selections. As part of that commitment, Amazon has implemented a Chemicals Policy and Restricted Substance List (RSL), both of which apply to Amazon-owned baby, household cleaning, personal care and beauty brands.
And to support the broader retail sector’s collaborative effort to encourage national brands to use safer formulations and produce more sustainable products, Amazon has joined the Retail Leadership Council of the Green Chemistry and Commerce Council (GC3), and also participates in the Beauty and Personal Care Products Sustainability Project via The Sustainability Consortium.
Food and grocery
Sustainable food selection means something different to each customer. Across our Amazon food and grocery businesses, we make it easy for customers to find a range of sustainable food options such as free range, pasture-fed, organic and fair trade groceries.
We are committed to upholding animal welfare across every step of our supply chain to ensure that the animal products we sell are derived from animals that receive industry-leading levels of care and treatment. Our Animal Welfare Policy provides guidance for producers and suppliers of animal-derived goods and services during production, transport and slaughter. We are working with our private-label manufacturers to source palm oil that is sustainably certified, starting with private-label food products in North America and Europe.
At Whole Foods Market, we sell only the highest quality natural and organic foods. We research ingredients and audit sourcing practices to make shopping easier for customers. In our meat department, products are free of added hormones or antibiotics, and no cages or tethers are permitted during the animal’s daily life. Our seafood department sources only from responsibly managed fish farms and fisheries. Produce and other items with our Whole Trade Guarantee ensure that a product meets criteria that support both workers and the environment.
Amazon devices make every day easier by helping customers watch, read, listen and control their smart homes. Our most popular devices include Echo and Alexa devices, Fire Tablets, Fire TVs, Kindle e-readers and home security products (Ring, Blink etc.) We take a scientific approach to understanding the environmental impact of these devices, completing detailed life-cycle assessments (LCAs) for many of them. LCA is an internationally accepted methodology for assessing the environmental, human health and natural resource impacts of products and services.
An LCA takes inflows from nature—raw materials, water, energy—and converts them into the process outputs and environmental impacts—releases to air, land and water—for all processes that represent over 5% of total impact, energy use or product mass. We use LCA to identify science-based environmental impacts across raw materials extraction, manufacturing, transportation, product use and product end-of-life. These results help us improve device energy efficiency, research and prototype new materials, and explore additional opportunities to improve the circularity of Amazon devices via programmes such as Amazon Trade-in and Amazon Device Recycling.
Amazon brands offer home goods and clothing, including men’s and women’s fashion, bedding and baby accessories. We aim to use high-quality, sustainable cotton for many categories, and have joined the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI). The BCI aims to transform cotton production worldwide by developing Better Cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity.
In addition, in 2019 we signed the Responsible Sourcing Network’s public Cotton Pledge, committing not to source cotton from Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan until the use of government-mandated forced labour is stopped.
We are continuing to refine and strengthen our commitments to responsible sourcing. In the future, we will expand our Restricted Substance List to include additional brands, product categories and geographies. We will work to further develop sustainable products that customers can trust are safe for their families and for the planet.