In addition to these custom electric delivery vehicles, Amazon already operates thousands of electric vehicles worldwide, delivering more than 20 million packages in electric vehicles to customers across North America and Europe in 2020. We expanded our European electric delivery fleet with an order for 1,800 electric vans from Mercedes-Benz, a signatory of The Climate Pledge.
In India, we are adding 10,000 electric vehicles to our existing fleet by 2025, including two-wheeler, three-wheeler and four-wheeler vehicles designed and manufactured by local manufacturers. Hundreds of these vehicles are now on the road, operated by Amazon India’s network of Delivery Service Partners in more than 20 cities across the country.
Building the Infrastructure to Support Our Vehicles and DriversAs we expand our electric delivery fleet worldwide, we are building the infrastructure to support our vehicles and drivers. We are retrofitting existing facilities with charging technology and adding thousands of charging stations across hundreds of facilities for our partners to use in North America and Europe. More than 50 Amazon delivery stations across North America and Europe are equipped for electric vehicle usage, and all new delivery stations are designed with the physical layout and electrical capacity to meet the needs of our current and future electric delivery fleets. These facilities will be able to support parking and charging at night and deliveries during the day, including same-day deliveries and deliveries to lockers and businesses. We are also partnering with publicly accessible charging networks to allow drivers to top off with clean electricity when traveling outside of our charging network.
Micro-MobilityIn dense, urban centers like New York City, Paris and Tokyo, we deliver packages by bicycle and on foot, using push walkers. Our bicycle fleet includes traditional bicycles and pedal-assist electric bikes connected to cargo trailers that can carry up to 45 packages. We operate more than 300 e-cargo bikes to make deliveries from Whole Foods Market locations to customers in Manhattan and Williamsburg, New York. In 2021, we are expanding our micro-mobility fleet across 20 European locations to comprise more than 500 vehicles, including e-cargo bikes, electric scooters and trolleys.
Autonomous DeliveryWe are developing fully autonomous delivery innovations that can be powered by clean electricity. Amazon Scout and Prime Air drones are electrically-powered autonomous devices that can deliver packages to customers without the need for a delivery vehicle. These devices are currently being designed and tested to be able to transport small packages quickly, safely and sustainably.
"Clean mobility powered by clean energy is an important element in the action to prevent climate change. The partnership between Amazon India and Mahindra Electric is a welcome step which reaffirms India’s significant progress in the e-mobility industry, and highlights the role of auto makers and e-commerce companies to achieve our environmental sustainability goals."
Partnering with Experts and Industry
Transforming the transportation industry from one that uses fossil fuels to one based on clean energy requires cross-sector stakeholder engagement among vehicle manufacturers, battery and component suppliers, government and local policymakers, fleet operators and utilities. Amazon is working with industry experts and organisations to advance sustainability through collaboration and innovation in the transportation and logistics industries.
In 2020, Amazon partnered with the nonprofit Ceres and other fleet operators to launch the Corporate Electric Vehicle Alliance, bringing together companies that work to accelerate the transition to electric vehicles. This alliance helps aggregate corporate demand for transportation electrification, while also providing a platform to coordinate support for policies that enable fleet electrification. In 2021, members of the alliance published a comprehensive report on ways that utilities, regulators, and policymakers can enable fleet operators to electrify commercial transportation and reduce carbon emissions.
In 2017, Amazon signed the Sustainable Fuel Buyers’ Principles developed by the non-profit Business for Social Responsibility and its Future of Fuels working group. These principles provide a framework to catalyse the transition to a sustainable road freight transportation system. Amazon was one of 18 companies to sign the Buyer’s Principles, demonstrating our commitment to accelerate the transition to low-carbon commercial transportation solutions.